Provincial Municipalities

Municipalities

 

In the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan of 2004, municipalities are covered in Article No. 141: “To administer city affairs, municipalities shall be established. The mayor and members of municipal councils shall be elected through free, general, secret and direct elections. Matters related to municipalities shall be regulated by law”. A municipal law that has been developed to supersede the municipal law of 2000 awaits approval by parliament, and it has not been possible yet for technical and financial reasons to conduct municipal elections.

All in all 8,200 staff members including the mayors work in the 153 municipalities managed by GDMA, ranging from district municipalities that have ca 20 employees to provincial capitals with ca 1000 employees. Paroon as the smallest provincial capital (Nuristan) has six staff members, while the largest capitals, Herat and Kandahar, have ca 1100 and 950 staff respectively.

Classification of Municipalities

A total of 181 municipalities are on record at GDMA, but some are not functional due to a lack of security in rural areas, or because they cannot generate enough revenue to operate. Currently 153 of the 181 municipalities on record at GDMA are functional, which includes all 33 provincial capitals and 120 ‘district’ municipalities, each of which forms the urban centre of a rural district. The main criteria for considering a municipality functional is the approval of the staff plan and the budget for a particular year. Any municipality that is not able to prepare and submit its annual budget is not included in the official list of municipalities for that year.

As the capacity of the municipalities to raise revenues varies and only fixed revenues provide revolving funds, provincial capitals are graded according to the fixed revenue they raise and not according to their size, taking into account that a large city with a low capacity to raise fixed revenues may not have the capacity to pay large numbers of staff over an extended period of time. All district municipalities fall into Grade 3.

Province

Provincial capital

Grade

Balkh

Mazar Sharif

One

Herat

Herat

One

Nangarhar

Jalalabad

One

Kandahar

Kandahar

One

Helmand

Lashkargah

Two

Kunduz

Kunduz

Two

Baghlan

Pule Khumri

Two

Nimroz

Zaranj

Two

Ghazni

Ghazni

Two

Khost

Khost

Two

Takhar

Taloqan

Two

Farah

Farah

Two

Paktia

Gardiz

Three

Kunar

Asadabad

Three

Laghman

Mehtarlam

Three

Samangan

Aybak

Three

Faryab

Maimana

Three

Jawzjan

Sheberghan

Three

Badakhshan

Faizabad

Three

Maidan Wardak

Maidan Shahr

Three

Sar-e-Pol

Sar-e-Pol

Three

Badghis

Qala Naw

Three

Bamyan

Bamyan

Three

Logar

Pule Alam

Three

Paktika

Sharan

Three

Uruzgan

Tirinkot

Three

Ghor

Cheghcheran

Three

Parwan

Charikar

Three

Daikundi

Nili

Three

Panjshir

Bazarak

Three

Kapisa

Mahmood Raqi

Three

Zabul

Qalat

Three

Nooristan

Paroon

Three