Municipal Councils

According to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan of 2004, Article No. 141: “The mayor and members of municipal councils shall be elected through free, general, secret and direct elections”. Details are provided in the Electoral Law of 2010. One of the key technical challenges that have delayed municipal elections until now has been the rapid expansion of the cities, which makes it difficult to demarcate city boundaries and thus electoral boundaries.

To manage citizen expectations and to encourage citizen participation until municipal elections can be held, provincial capitals have been instructed to establish Municipal Advisory Boards (MABs) as a temporary measure that replaces a variety of platforms for citizen engagement which were generally less representative of the urban population.

The number of Municipal Advisory Board members depends on the number of Nahias. Wherever possible, Nahia representatives are selected from existing elected bodies, such as Urban Community Development Councils (CDCs), Area Development Councils (ADCs), Gozar Organizations (GOs) and Nahia Councils (NCs). Otherwise representatives are chosen at the mosque level, from each Masjid Jame, Takia Khana or other religious centre. For details see the Terms of Reference for Municipal Advisory Boards.

A quota system is used to ensure that the Board reflects the full spectrum of the citizenry. One member each is selected from the following groups: Women, youth, civil society, media, martyrs/disabled, religious scholar (Ulema) and one representative from the private sector (traders or craftsmen).  The long-term aim is to have at least 25% female municipal board or municipal council members. To this end, at least 10% of the seats of the MABs are allocated to women.

The Municipal Advisory Boards are encouraged to form sub-committees on social services, gender, budgeting, supervision and monitoring, as well as youth committees meeting regularly and providing constructive recommendations to mayors and MABs. At the moment 30 Municipal Advisory Boards have been created in the provincial capitals, and the remaining three ones are underway.

 

List of MABs and its number of members and committees with establishment date

 

No

Province

MAB

Members

Committees

Establishment date

2nd round MAB election

Remarks

1

Parwan

Charikar

24

5

1391/12/24

1393/2/12

 

2

Herat

Herat

33

5

1392/2/28

1393/3/24

 

3

Balkh

Mazar Sharif

28

5

1392/3/16

1393/6/5

 

4

Nangarhar

Jalalabad

21

5

1392/3/21

1393/8/23

 

5

Kandahar

Kandahar

27

5

1392/4/9

   

6

Laghman

Mehtarlam

14

3

1392/8/14

1393/9/12

 

7

Panjshir

Bazarak

18

3

1392/8/15

1393/11/30

 

8

Daikundi

Nili

15

3

1393/3/12

   

9

Badakhshan

Faizabad

19

4

1393/2/22

   

10

Kuduz

Kuduz

26

5

1393/2/31

1394/1/25

 

11

Samangan

Aibak

18

4

1392/9/7

1394/1/26

 

12

Bamyan

Bamyan

15

3

1393/3/14

   

13

Sari Pul

Sari Pul

25

5

1392/9/6

   

14

Takhar

Taloqan

20

5

1393/2/24

1394/1/15

 

15

Baghlan

Pul Khomri

17

5

1392/9/7

   

16

Jawzjan

Sheberghan

17

4

1392/9/25

1393/9/12

 

17

Faryab

Maimana

21

5

1392/9/23

1393/12/2

 

18

Farah

Farah

21

5

1392/9/13

   

19

Ghor

Feroz Koh (Cheghcheran)

14

3

1392/9/13

   

20

Badghis

Qala Naw

15

3

1392/9/13

1393/12/2

 

21

Nimroz

Zaranj

15

3

1392/9/10

   

22

Zabul

Qalat

       

Due to some issues did not establish

23

Urozgan

Tirinkot

26

5

1392/9/8

   

24

Helmand

Lashkargah

27

5

1393/1/9

1393/10/3

 

25

Nooristan

Paroon

       

Due to some issues did not establish

26

Kubar

Asadabad

22

5

1392/8/13

1393/9/12

 

27

Khost

Khost

22

5

1392/8/13

   

28

Paktia

Gardez

22

5

1392/11/12

1393/11/12

 

29

Ghazni

Ghazni

24

5

1392/9/8

   

30

Wardak

Maidan Shahr

18

3

1392/8/13

1393/9/19

 

31

Logar

Pul Alam

21

5

1392/8/13

   

32

Kapisa

Mahmoodraqi

16

3

1392/8/12

1393/11/8

 

33

Paktika

Sharana

       

Due to some issues did not establish