Laws and Policies

Municipal Law

Municipal administrations and mayors receive their mandate to manage municipal affairs through the current Municipal Law created in 2000 during the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which superseded a series of municipal laws going back almost a century to the reign of King Amanullah Khan. A new municipal law drafted in line with the IDLG Sub-national Governance Policy of 2010 has been submitted to the Law (Taqnin) Committee of Ministers Council.

According to the current municipal law, municipalities are public legal and juristic entities given the task to provide for the general needs of urban populations.

IDLG Policy on Municipalities

In 2008 IDLG was given the task to develop a sub-national governance policy through Presidential Decree 2008/1047. This policy has been in force since 2010 and is due for review in 2014.

The municipalities, as other government agencies in the provinces, have a long way to go to reach the Millennium Development Goal of 30% women in the civil service by 2020.


Gender Mainstreaming

In 2013 GDMA provided the municipalities with Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines which address gender issues such as working conditions for female municipal staff and gender awareness. In the same year, a gender focal group was created at DMM with the support of the Gender Directorate (at the time Gender Unit) of IDLG. This group has focused on building a network of female staff in the municipalities in support of the Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines.


Capacity development

The performance of the municipalities is highly dependent on the capacity of the municipal staff including the mayors as well as on DMM staff. Capacity building therefore is a high priority at the municipal and the national level, and is carried out according to a capacity development plan developed for DMM and training plans developed for the municipalities.