The German Government has provided support to municipalities in the north both through the German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation (GIZ) and the German Development Bank (KfW). The GIZ manages the Open Policy Advisory Fund (OPAF) and the Regional Capacity Development Fund (RCDF. OPAF has supported the Statistics and Reporting Department of GDMA with the establishment of a central database designed to pool information of all departments and provides easy access to that information, and has provided financial support to GDMA for the present website. The RCDF has, provided some municipal offices in the North with trainings and equipment. The German Development Bank manages the ‘Regional Infrastructure Development Fund’ (RIDF) which has been supporting urban areas with infrastructure projects. The ‘Stabilisation Programme Northern Afghanistan’ (SPNA) is implemented by the Aga Khan Foundation, the Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED) and Mercy Corps. The Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), a joint operation of the GIZ and the German Federal Employment Agency, has supported GDMA with a succession of three integrated experts since 2011.